Key stage one Maths topics

What Maths topics will my child need to know by the end of year 1 and 2?

Key Stage One includes Year 1 and Year 2. If your child is between the ages of 5 and 7, they will be considered as studying in Key Stage One. Every school in England follows the national curriculum, which the government sets out as a guideline for what topics to cover in each year. Schools choose the order in which they would like to cover these topics; however, it is essential that all topics are covered throughout the year. Generally, the majority of schools begin similarly, depending on the new cohort that enters the year group. Some adjustments are made based on previous assessments as a guide for where to begin. Not every school uses the same scale for marking students, but examples of scales include working well below, below, on track, and above national expectations. Below are the topics your child will study across year 1 and year 2.

With Key Stage One being the foundation of your child’s learning journey, it is important to find ways and concepts to integrate their learning into everyday life. Learning maths at this stage shouldn’t be limited to staring at a worksheet. Instead, children need visual and practical methods to understand the building blocks of mathematical concepts.

For example, you can use moments like walking to and from school to count in 2s, finding pairs of objects in the world around them. This helps to build a strong sense of numbers and patterns. When counting steps or identifying pairs of shoes, gloves, or other items, children begin to see maths as part of their daily lives rather than a separate subject.

Learning measurement is another simple yet crucial topic where children can explore and understand practical applications. During shopping trips, encourage your child to look at and compare the sizes and weights of different items. Ask questions like, “Which apple is heavier?” or “How many carrots weigh the same as this potato?” This not only reinforces their understanding of measurement but also develops their critical thinking and problem-solving skills.

Additionally, involving your child in cooking activities can be a fun way to teach them about measurements. They can learn about volume and weight by measuring ingredients, which also provides a hands-on experience that reinforces their learning. For example, they can measure flour in cups, or weigh vegetables, and understand how these measurements affect the outcome of a recipe.

Using everyday experiences to teach maths makes learning more engaging and relevant for young children. By integrating these concepts into daily activities, you can help your child develop a strong mathematical foundation that will support their future learning.

Use the tables below as a guide to understand what your child is expected to know by the end of each year group. 

key stage one maths topics
Key stage one maths topics year 2

Follow us on instagram for daily tips and educational content @intuitiveacademyuk

Written by:

Book free assessment

Sign up for our newsletter AND GET 10% OFF OUR SHOP ON YOUR FIRST ORDER

If you are looking for helpful tips and free resources, please sign up to the newsletter for regular emails.